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Standard 1: Program Design
The Agriculture Specialist Instruction Credential program and its prerequisites include a purposeful, developmentally designed sequence of coursework and field experiences that effectively prepare candidates to serve as agriculture specialists in California schools and lead agriculture education programs. The sequenced design of the program is based on a clearly stated rationale that has a sound theoretical and scholarly foundation anchored in the knowledge base of teacher education. The program’s organizational structure ensures that all of its administrative components are carefully coordinated. By design, the program provides extensive opportunities for candidates to learn and apply the concepts, skills and principles included in this set of program standards.

Required Elements for Standard 1: Program Design

1(a)   The design of the program and the selection of prerequisites are clearly grounded in a well-reasoned rationale that draws on sound scholarship and theory anchored to the knowledge base of teacher education, are articulated clearly, and are evident in the delivery of the program’s coursework and fieldwork. Program activities are carefully sequenced to ensure that candidates appropriately develop their competence in the performance standards defined in Category III.

1(b)   The program design and its delivery form a cohesive set of learning experiences that provide candidates with the opportunity to develop the knowledge and skills required to serve as agriculture specialists and to lead agriculture education programs.

1(c)   The program has an organizational structure that provides for coordination of the administrative components of the program to facilitate each candidate’s completion of the program.

1(d)   Coursework and field experiences utilize a variety of strategies for professional instruction and provide multiple opportunities for candidates to learn and practice the concepts, skills and principles included in this set of program standards.

Program Design

Preparation of candidates at CSUF begins with the General Education Program. The goal of General Education is to develop and strengthen basic skills, scholarship, disciplined thinking, awareness, reflection and integration of knowledge. Fifty one units of course work in General Education are divided into four types of courses: 1) foundation, 2) breadth, 3) integration, and 4) multicultural/international courses.

Foundation courses focus on “fundamental skills and knowledge.” Breadth courses expose candidates to a variety of disciplines within a structured framework that develops knowledge in four basic areas of human endeavor: 1) the physical universe and its life forms; 2) the arts and humanities; 3) social, political, and economic institutions and behavior, and their historical backgrounds; and 4) lifelong understanding and self-development,. Integration courses provide an integrative experience at the upper division level. Multicultural/international courses prepare candidates for an international, multicultural world.

Candidates then complete an academic major in Agricultural Education, with a Teacher Preparation Option. Candidates also take additional course work related to the teaching field beyond requirements for this major to complete their subject matter preparation. A copy of the Student Advising Sheet that list all courses and requirements for the undergraduate degree in Agricultural Education, Teacher Preparation Option is located in the Appendix.

To be admitted to the Single Subject Credential Program, candidates must meet a number of requirements. These include an early supervised field experience designed 1) to ensure that the student understands the role of a public school teacher, 2) has had pre-professional experiences with linguistically and culturally diverse youth, and 3) is making an informed choice about entering the teacher preparation program. To be admitted to the Agriculture Specialist Credential Program candidates must also meet additional requirements including completing course work covering 1) the organization, administration, and supervision of agricultural education programs and 2) education methods in agricultural mechanics. All Agriculture Specialist candidates are concurrently enrolled in both programs.

Credential candidates complete 39 semester units of course work and fieldwork. More specifically, this consists of six professional education courses, two agriculture graduate courses, and two semesters of student teaching. The first semester of student teaching is a part-time developmental experience which carries four units of credit. The second semester of student teaching is full-time and carries ten units of credit. The following chart illustrates the overall design of the preparation for Agriculture Specialist candidate.

Preparation Program for Agriculture Specialist Credential

Agricultural Education Degree – Teacher Preparation Option

Agriculture                           54 units GE           51 units
Agricultural Education         15 units

Credential Program

Semester One*: Five professional +  Initial student teaching (4 units)

education courses (18 units)

Semester Two: Two Agriculture Specialist + Final student teaching (10 units)

courses (6 units)

Credential Course Requirements**


Course Number Title Number of Units
CI 151 Social Foundations of Education 3
CI 152 Psychological Foundations of Education 3
CI 159 Curriculum and Instruction in Secondary Schools 3
CI 161 Methods and Materials in Secondary Teaching 3
  SPED 121 Teaching Students with Special Needs in the Secondary General Education Setting   2
EHD 155A  Student Teaching in Secondary School 4
EHD 155B Student Teaching in Secondary School 10
LEE 154 Content Area Language and Literacy for Secondary Learners 5
AGRI 280  Seminar in Agricultural Education 3
AGRI 281 Problems in Agricultural Education 3
     Total: 39

*Agriculture Specialist Candidates are advised to take CI 151 and CI 152 the final semester of their senior year or to take LEE 154 during a summer session.

**A 3.0 Grade Point Average must be maintained by all credential candidates.

The Agriculture Specialist Credential Program is designed to enable candidates to teach and manage a Career and Technical Education (CTE) program that prepares high school students to pursue a career in the agricultural industry. In general, the Agriculture Specialist Credential Program develops in candidates the professional competencies listed below:

1. Candidates for the Agriculture Specialist Credential demonstrate competency and knowledge in planning, organizing, and conducting programs of agricultural education.

2. Candidates for the Agriculture Specialist Credential demonstrate knowledge and skill in advising, conducting, and supervising the activities of the FFA.

3. Candidates for the Agriculture Specialist Credential demonstrate knowledge and competence in promoting, developing, and supervising student agricultural experience programs.

4. Candidates for the Agriculture Specialist Credential demonstrate competency and knowledge in the philosophy, principles, practices, policies, and trends in agricultural education.

Agriculture teachers must embrace CTE philosophy and ideology. They must understand and be able to implement the three components of the Agricultural Education Program. To accomplish this objective they must possess occupational knowledge and skill in the agricultural industry. Agricultural Education teachers teach utilizing formal classroom settings, related laboratories, and student supervised agricultural experience programs. They also provide leadership training through Future Farmers of America (FFA) activities. FFA is the recognized CTE student organization that is an integral component of the Agricultural Education Program. The Agricultural Education Program model consists of three interrelated components: 1) classroom/laboratory instruction, 2) leadership/personal development, and 3) supervised agricultural experience.

The Single Subject Credential Program is housed in the KSOEHD. Dr. Jody Daughtry is the coordinator of the single subject credential program. She is hired and appointed by the Dean of KSOEHD. The Agriculture Specialist Credential Program is housed in the Department of Animal Sciences and Agricultural Education located in the JCAST. Dr. Rosco Vaughn serves as coordinator for the agriculture specialist credential program. He is hired and appointed by the Dean of the JCAST. Two additional faculty members in the Department of Animal Sciences and

Agricultural Education serve as advisors to Agricultural Education majors and teach Agricultural Education courses in the department. Dr. Art Parham serves as Department Chair and Professor of Agricultural Education and Dr. Steven Rocca serves as JCAST Outreach Coordinator and Assistant Professor of Agricultural Education. These two individuals along with Dr. Vaughn comprise the Agricultural Education Program faculty. All three of the faculty members are

former high school Agricultural Education teachers. The Agriculture Specialist Coordinator attends Single Subject Credential Committee meetings that are held periodically each semester to share information and to coordinate activities with other programs. He also attends meetings of Advanced Credential Program Coordinators each semester to discuss issues specific to the advanced credential programs. The Agriculture Specialist is an advanced credential program.

Curriculum specific to the Agriculture Specialist Credential Program is based on competencies required for teachers to meet program certification requirements and to conduct successful programs of agricultural education for students in the public high schools of California.

The sequence of courses in the program is:

Course Units
AGED 050 – Orientation to Agricultural Education 3
AGED 135 – Introduction to Agricultural Education 3
AGED 150 – Resources, Materials, and Equipment  3
AGED 187 – Organization, Administration, Supervision 3
AGED 189 – Education in Agricultural Mechanics 3
AGRI 280 – Seminar in Agricultural Education 3
AGRI 281 – Problems in Agricultural Education 3
Total: 21

The teaching methods class (CI 161) is taught by an agricultural education faculty member and is part of both the single subject and specialist programs. The same is true of the field experience classes, AGED 050, EHD 155A and EHD 155B. The preferred sequence of courses and activities in the Agriculture Specialist Program are outlined on the “Agriculture Specialist Checklist” (available on the Agricultural Education Web Site and in the Agricultural Education Office). This sequence document outlines the design and content of the specialist program and is provided to all candidates in the “Introduction to Agricultural Education” class.

The relationship of the program classes to the standards is identified on the “Agriculture Specialist Standards/Agricultural Education Course Matrix” located in the appendix of this document.

Occupational experience is verified by candidates listing their agriculture experience on a T-14 Form and scheduling an interview with a representative of the California Department of Education (San Joaquin Region Supervisor) who signs the form verifying that each candidate has met the occupational experience requirement.

The matrix on the following pages indicates the standard and elements addressed in the Agricultural Education courses. The letters in the matrix indicate the following:

I Indicates the element is introduced and the candidates should be familiar with it.

R Indicates the element is reinforced and student knowledge of the element is increasing.

A Indicates the element is advanced and students are expected to exhibit competency.

X Indicates the element is assessed in this course.

In the program, candidates are introduced to the various elements in their undergraduate coursework with upper division courses reinforcing and building on the foundation developed in the lower division courses. The upper division and post-baccalaureate courses add to the candidates’ proficiency level to move them to an advanced ability level and competency.

Agriculture Specialist Standards and Elements by Course Matrix

Matrix diagram

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