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Standard 14

Human Relations

The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to demonstrate self-awareness, sensitivity to others, and skillfulness in relating to individuals and groups. The program provides candidates with opportunities and experiences to understand the importance of socio-psychological concepts of group formation, reference groups, inter-group and intra-group relations and conflict. The program provides candidates with opportunities' and experiences to demonstrate an ability to facilitate group process and mediate conflict.

Factors to Consider

1.  Interpersonal relations and communication

The Cognitive and Reflective Dimension of the PPS program stresses the concepts and skills of developing a counselor to plan, organize and analyze contacts with clients, both in individual and group situations. The faculty in the Counselor Education Program believes that counseling candidates must be taught how to recognize and to apply core clinical skills which include empathy, respect, genuineness, concreteness, immediacy, confrontation and self disclosure. This is accomplished through requiring candidates to go through the following courses in sequence:

COUN 174: Introduction to Counseling:

This course provides an overview of basic counseling models, contemporary therapeutic systems, and addresses ethical and professional issues in counseling practice. Candidates utilize counseling theories and knowledge to gain perspective on his/her personal life experiences. This includes a required personal experience in the role of client.

Assignment: TheoryA

COUN 200: Counseling Techniques:

This course is designed to help candidates to acquire the theoretical framework and skills to function appropriately as an entry-level counselor in a variety of settings. Candidates have the opportunity to practice the skills taught in role-play, classroom exercises, and one-on-one counseling practice.   All members of the class serve both as counselor and client, and observe peers and offer critique on the appropriateness of their counseling behaviors. They also compare and contrast techniques for various client populations, including multicultural and social equity populations.

Assignment: TechniquesA

COUN 208: Counseling Practicum

This course offers supervised, on-campus counseling experiences with selected clients. Students gain experience in individual counseling, critiquing of tapes and typescripts, observations, case consultation, and case report writing. Issues of gender, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation and disability as they impact the counseling process will be explored. These experiences are aimed improving candidates’ ability to communicate with clients of all ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity groups and be involved in the necessary activities toward solution of identified problems.

Assignment: PracticumR

Coun 249: Field Practice Elementary, Middle/High Counseling

Upon successful completion of Coun 249, students will be able to demonstrate the following:

1. apply individual & group counseling skills to students in an approved school setting.

2. apply knowledge of human behavior to students in an approved school setting.

3. apply knowledge of learning theory in an approved school setting.

4. apply knowledge of psychological and educational assessment in an approved school setting.

5. demonstrate an awareness of socio-cultural factors by working with students from diverse cultural backgrounds in an approved school setting.

Assignment: FieldworkA

2.  Appreciation of ethnic and cultural diversity

COUN 201: Seminar in Multicultural Aspects of Counseling, devotes a large segment of the course to a focus on the cognitive and experiential study of social and psychological variables which influence the cross-cultural counseling relationship.   Its objectives are related to the factors to consider in Standard 14, Human Relations.

Assignment: CulturalA

Awareness of group dynamics

COUN 202: Seminar in Group Process: All objectives are geared toward the development of awareness of group dynamics and skills in facilitating group process and communication.

Candidates demonstrate their awareness of group dynamics and skills in group facilitation through their participation in a group process experience, developing a presentation for conducting group counseling with a selected population, and developing a proposal which focuses on the basic issues and practical organizational factors involved in setting up a particular group.


Management of inter-group/interethnic/intercultural conflict

COUN 233: Objective 1: Acquired therapeutic skills necessary for working with children and families will be demonstrated through formulation of accurate treatment plans that address clinical issues such as ADD/ADHD, depression, conduct issues, gang involvement, and child abuse, and school violence.


COUN 241: The following topic is addressed in the course: Working With Students In A Crisis, Working With At-Risk Students.

COUN 242: Objective 2: Develop and apply methods of consultation services to include conflict resolution.

Assignment: AdvocacyA

Communication skills to foster adult-child and peer relationship

Coun 242: Objective 2: Develop and apply methods of consultation services to include classroom management skills for teachers, school discipline models and strategies for teachers.

Assignment: AdvocacyA

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