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Standard 17

Foundations of the School Counseling Profession

The program provides candidates with knowledge and understanding of the core areas including history, philosophy and trends in school counseling; state and national standards; models of comprehensive and developmental school counseling and guidance programs; and the theoretical bases for counseling practices in schools.

Factors to Consider

1.  History, philosophy and trends in school counseling

Candidates have the opportunity to develop knowledge of the history, philosophy and trends in the school counseling profession, including national and state standards by taking the following courses:

Coun 174: Objective 4 This course provides an overview of basic counseling models, contemporary therapeutic systems, and addresses ethical and professional issues in counseling practice.

Coun 200: Areas of specific mention in this course include: Professional identity - studies that provide an understanding of all of the following aspects of professional functioning including history, roles, organizational structures, ethics, standards, and credentialing.

Coun 241:

Objective 2: Able to discuss the role of the counselor as it relates to students, teachers, parents, administrators, and the community.

Objective 8: Familiar with relevant laws pertaining to students in a school setting, including compliance for PPS programs.

Objective 9: Familiar with legal aspects affecting school counseling programs as stated in the California Education Code along with guidelines for implementing the laws.

Assignments Coun 241 requires candidates to compile their own professional portfolio by organizing information about their educational/counseling experiences and achievements. Their portfolio includes the following statements about their counseling philosophy, education philosophy, and leadership philosophy as well as their counseling experiences.

Coun 249: Objective 7: Provide counseling services related to current policies and critical issues relevant to an approved school setting.

Assignment:Candidates are required to read the following two chapters from the textbook, Counseling in schools: Essential services and comprehensive programs by Schmidt and make written responses to the content:

Chapter 1, The School Counseling Profession: This chapter addresses the professional identity of school counselor.

Interview a school counselor at your school site.
Describe how this person develops his/her professional identity as a school counselor.

Chapter 2, The School Counselor: This chapter covers the following areas: defining school counseling, varying roles of school counselors, preparation of school counselors, technology and the School Counselor and Credentials of School Counselors.

Compare and contrast the job descriptions and duties of school counselors at your placement with the description of the school counselor in this chapter.

Comprehensive program and student success

This program provides candidates with the knowledge and understanding for developing, implementing and evaluating a comprehensive and developmental school counseling and guidance program through the following courses:

Coun 241:

Objective 1: Familiar with major philosophical and theoretical approaches to coordinating and supervision of counseling programs at elementary, middle and high school levels.

Objective 4: Able to review school counseling budgeting procedures, methods used in counseling programs, and methods of evaluating school counseling programs, through approved research procedures.

Topics pertinent to the understanding and evaluation of school counseling programs are included in the course schedule:

National School Counseling Standards
A School Counseling Program

Candidates taking Coun 241 are assigned into groups. Each group will present on a topic. The topics include: program evaluation.

Coun 242: Objective 1: Develop methods of working with school staff and parents which include planned prevention programs to help alleviate school failure and promote ways of increasing pupil successes K-12 school settings.

Coun 249: Students’ reading assignments, in class and in school activities focus on developing a comprehensive school counseling program.


Candidates are required to collect assessment instruments currently used by their field site to evaluate the counseling program.

Candidates are required to read the following two chapters from the textbook, Counseling in schools: Essential services and comprehensive programs by Schmidt and make written responses to the content:

Chapter 3, Comprehensive School Counseling Programs: Consult with your field supervisor and relevant school personnel.

Identify if a comprehensive school counseling plan is in place.
If yes, describe and assess their plan and if no, describe how you will develop a comprehensive school plan at your school site.

Chapter 5, Developing a Program: Follow the guidelines of the chapter on planning, organizing, implementing, and evaluating.

Describe how you will develop one prevention program at your school site

Chapter 10, Evaluation of a School Counseling Program:

Evaluate the counseling program at your school that addresses: guidance curriculum, individual planning, responsive services, system support.


Domains of educational counseling

The domains of educational counseling include academic, career, and personal and social development. This program provides candidates with the knowledge and understanding of these domains and also the experiences of providing counseling services and designing counseling programs to promote student development, learning, and achievement.

Linking testing to all domains of educational counseling:

Coun 203: Objective 2: Compare and contrast group testing, state mandated testing and other large scale assessment programs as they apply to academic, career, and personal counseling.

Assignment: AsssessmentA

Coun 220: The whole course is devoted to the examination of career development theories and research for their implications in understanding career development generally, and career counseling specifically.

Assignment: Assessment Review and Role Play

Coun 241:Objective 3: Able to identify ways a counselor provides counseling services to students including individual counseling, classroom guidance, responsive support services.

Coun 249

Objective 1: Apply individual & group counseling skills to students in an approved school setting.

Objective 3: Apply knowledge of learning theory in an approved school setting.

Objective 6: Apply the principles of career planning with individual students or groups of students in an approved school setting.

Assignment: FieldworkA

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