In addition to the Special Education Program Standards: Curriculum and Instruction of Students with Disabilities, each candidate demonstrates an understanding of and ability to implement effective, individually designed instruction for students, ages birth to 22, who are deaf or hard-of-hearing including those who are deaf-blind and/or those with additional disabilities, in diverse learning.
Candidates have completed one or two phases of the Multiple Subject credential program courses prior to taking seminar CDDS courses: 262: Speech, 263: Language and 264: School Subjects. All seminar courses focus on modifying instructional techniques learned in a general education setting to meet communication and language needs of students who are deaf or hard of hearing. Module 5 of CDDS 263 is a review of methods/approaches/strategies and specific modifications for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. Directed Reading and Thinking Activities (DRTA), Language Experience Approach (LEA), Interactive writing, Natural Approach, Structured/Analytical Approach, ASL/English Bilingual approaches and strategies are discussed, demonstrated with candidate participation. The seminar course in speech, CDDS 262, provides candidates with instruction in developing lesson plans for speech, language, audition, and cognitive tasks utilizing age appropriate literature. The school subjects seminar course reviews communication, classroom discourse, behavior management, and reflective teaching for all classroom subject areas. Differentiated instruction techniques are emphasized in all seminar courses.