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Standard 2 Aspect F

Standard 2: Program completers engage in professional practice in educational settings and show that they have the skills and abilities to do so in a variety of additional settings and community/cultural contexts. For example, candidates must have broad and general knowledge of the impact of culture and language on learning, yet they cannot, within the context of any given program, experience working with the entire diversity of student identities, or in all types of school environments. 

Candidate preparation includes first-hand professional experience accompanied by reflection that prepares candidates to engage effectively in different contexts they may encounter throughout their careers.


Data Sources & Analysis

Data Source 1

CSU Educator Quality Center Employer Survey

Definition of Data Source:
The CSU Educator Quality Center administered a survey to employers of 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 graduates of CSU educator preparation programs. Results were able to be disaggregated by both preparatory institution and program. The survey was discontinued after evaluating the 2015-2016 completers, meaning that all available data are at least five years old. The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CCTC) began its own employer survey that it first administered in Fall 2019. However, while it is possible to disaggregate results by institution, it is not possible to do so by preparation program. In the future, we plan to advocate to the CCTC for the addition of items to the survey that would allow data to be disaggregated in this way.

Although the data from the CSU Employer Survey are dated, we chose to use the results anyway as one of our three data sources because they do provide an employer perspective on our candidates. Additionally, the results provide us with a baseline to which we can compare results collected in the future.

Employers are invited to respond to each item on a 1-5 scale to indicate their perception of the completers’ level of preparation, with 1 indicating not at all prepared, 2 indicating poorly prepared; 3 indicating adequately prepared; 4 indicating well prepared and 5 indicating very well prepared.

Perspective Captured from Data Source:  Employer

Specific Elements of Data Source: 
CSU Educator Quality Center Employer Survey item selected to evaluate whether employers believe the program prepared completers to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning was:

  • How well prepared was the teacher to collaborate with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs.

Definition of Success for Each Element:  
Programmatically, our goal is that employers of our completers will indicate the teachers were either “well,” or “very well” in each area.

Displays of Analyzed Data

Figure 1. CSU Educator Quality Center Employer responses items related to 2014-2015 program completers’ ability to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning.Figure 1

Figure 2. CSU Educator Quality Center Employer responses items related to 2015-2016 program completers’ ability to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning.Figure 2

Link to Full Dataset:The link to the full dataset is unavailable. However, if reviewers would like to view the CSU Educator Quality Center Data Dashboards, we are happy to set up a time to provide them access by sharing screens in a Zoom session.

Interpretation of Data:
For the CSU Educator Quality Center survey evaluating the preparedness of completeres from the 2014-2015 cohort of candidates (Figure 1), 89% of the 65 responding employers indicated an overall positive perception about how well prepared they felt our completers were to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of those, 28.00% (n=18) indicated our candidates as “very well” prepared, 42.20% (n=27) indicated they were “well prepared,” and 18.80% (n=12) marked them as “adequately” prepared.  

For the CSU Educator Quality Center survey evaluating the preparedness of completeres from the 2015-2016 cohort of candidates (Figure 1), 82% of the 57 responding employers indicated an overall positive perception about how well prepared they felt our completers were to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of those, 26.30% (n=15) indicated our candidates were “very well” prepared, 28.10% (n=16) believed they were “well prepared,” and 28.10% (n=16), marked them as “adequately” prepared.  

Across both years, findings indicated that the large majority of completers were rated by their employers as “well” prepared on their ability to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning. Still, it is somewhat concerning that, in the second year the survey was administered, 28% of responders indicated completers were only adequately prepared, and another 18% indicated they were not at all or only somewhat prepared. This may be an area for the program to investigate further.

Data Source 2

CCTC Program Completer Survey 

Description of Data Source:
The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing administers a survey annually to all individuals in the state when they apply for a credential. The survey seeks to collect candidates’ perceptions of their preparation program and is organized under the six domains of the Teaching Performance Expectations (TPEs).

CCTC Program Completers responded to each survey item on a 1-5 scale, with 1 indicating “not at all” prepared, 2 indicating “poorly” prepared; 3 indicating “adequately” prepared; 4 indicating “well” prepared, and 5 indicating “very well” prepared.

Perspective Captured from Data Source: Program Completer

Rationale for using Data Source: 
Although the survey gathers data from candidates at the time they complete the program, we believe that their perceptions of the program at this point help us to know if they feel ready to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning. CCTC Program Completers responded to each survey item on a 1-5 scale, with 1 indicating “not at all” prepared, ” 2 indicating “poorly” prepared; 3 indicating “adequately” prepared; 4 indicating “well” prepared, and 5 indicating “very well” prepared.

Specific Elements of the Data Source: 
CTC Program Completer Survey items selected include:

  • How well did the program prepare you to work with colleagues to improve instruction?

Definition of Success for Each Element:
Programmatically, our goal is for our candidates  to say they were either “well,” or “very well” prepared after they have completed the program. 

Displays of Analyzed Data 

Table 1. Responses to CCTC Completer Survey items related to collaborating with colleagues to support professional learning (Full Dataset)

  2016-2017
(n=79)
2017-2018
(n=185)
2018-2019
(n=178)
2019-2020
(n=164)
Work with colleagues to improve instruction
Not at all 0 (0.0%) 3 (1.6%) 1 (0.6%) 1 (0.6%)
Poorly 5 (6.3%) 7 (3.8%) 9 (5.1%) 6 (3.7%)
Adequately 18 (22.8%) 42 (22.7%) 39 (21.9%) 31 (18.9%)
Well 25 (31.6%) 61 (33.0%) 57 (32.0%) 61 (37.2%)
Very well 31 (39.2%) 72 (38.9%) 72 (40.4%) 65 (39.6%)

Interpretation of Data:
For the 2016-2017 CTC Program Completer survey (Table 1), findings indicated that 94% of respondents believed they were  “prepared” to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of these 79 respondents, 39.2% (n=31) indicated they were “very well” prepared, 31.6% (n=25) believed they were “well prepared,” and 22.8% (n=18) marked themselves as “adequately” prepared.

For the 2017-2018 CTC Program Completer surveys (Table 1), findings indicated that 95% of respondents believed they were  “prepared” to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of these 185 respondents, 38.9% (n=72) indicated they were “very well” prepared, 33.0% (n=61) believed they were “well prepared,” and 22.7% (n=42) marked themselves as “adequately” prepared.  

For the 2018-2019 CTC Program Completer surveys (Table 2), findings indicated that 94% of respondents believed they were “prepared” to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of these 178 respondents, 40.4% (n=72) indicated they were “very well” prepared, 32.0% (n=57) believed they were “well prepared,” and 21.9% (n=39), marked themselves as “adequately” prepared.  

For the 2019-2020 CTC Program Completer surveys (Table 3), findings indicated that 95% of respondents believed they were “prepared” to work with colleagues to improve instruction. Of these 164 respondents, 39.6% (n=65) rated themselves as “very well” prepared, 37.2% (n=61) felt “well prepared,” and 19.9% (n=31), marked themselves as “adequately” prepared. 

Looking across the four years of data indicates that nearly 40% of completers consistently indicated they were very well prepared to collaborate with colleagues to improve instruction. Similarly, nearly 20% of respondents indicated they were only adequately prepared, though that percentage did decline with each cohort.

Data Source 3

CSU Educator Quality Center Year One Teacher Survey 

Description of Data Source:
For candidates who completed a CSU educator preparation program each academic year from 2014-2015 to 2017-2018, the CSU Educator Quality Center administered a year-out survey to learn how well the educators, after their first year in the field, believed the program had prepared them. Year One Teachers respond to each item on a 1-5 scale, where 1 indicates they were not at all prepared, 2 indicates they were poorly prepared; 3 indicates they were adequately prepared; 4 indicates they were well prepared and 5 indicates they were very well prepared.

Due to the challenges of educators in Spring 2020, the CSU Educator Quality chose not to administer the survey at that time, meaning data are not available for candidates who completed in 2018-2019. Survey administration began again in Spring 2021, and we look forward to analyzing those data when they become available.

Perspective Captured from Data Source: Year One Teacher

Rationale for using Data Source:
The CSU Educator Quality Center survey captures the perspectives of program completers after their first year of teaching. Items on the survey invite candidates to share how well they believe the program prepared them in several key areas.

Specific Elements of Data Source: 
The CSU Educator Quality Center Survey item selected to evaluate whether the program prepared completers to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning was:   

  • How well prepared were you to collaborate with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs? 

This question was selected as it demonstrates that our candidates must engage in professional collaborations in order to support their students’ learning. 

Definition of Success for Each Element:
Programmatically, our goal is for all candidates to say they were either “well,” or “very well” prepared one year-out once they exit the program.

Displays of Analyzed Data 

Figure 3. 2016-2017 Year One Teacher Survey Responses from 2015-2016 Completers (n=57) for Program Perception Items Related to Collaborating with ColleaguesFigure 3

Figure 4. 2017-2018 Year One Teacher Survey Responses from 2016-2017 Completers (n=38) for Program Perception Items Related to Collaborating with ColleaguesFigure 4

Figure 5. 2018-2019 Year One Teacher Survey Responses from 2017-2018 (n=51) Completers for Program Perception Items Related to Collaborating with ColleaguesFigure 5

Link to Full Dataset: The link to the full dataset is unavailable. However, if reviewers would like to view the CSU Educator Quality Center Data Dashboards, we are happy to set up a time to provide them access by sharing screens in a Zoom session.

Interpretation of Data:
For the 2016-2017 survey of 2015-2016 program completers (Figure 3), 72% of the 53 responders indicated they were “prepared” to collaborate with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs. Of those, 11.30% (n=6) rated themselves as “very well” prepared, 37.70% (n=20) believed they were “well prepared,” and 22.60% (n=12) indicated they were “adequately” prepared.  

For the 2017-2018 survey of 2016-2017 program completers (Figure 4), 78% of the 37 responders indicated they were “prepared” to collaborate with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs. Of those, 24.30% (n=9) rated themselves as “very well” prepared, 37.80% (n=14) indicated they were “well prepared,” and 16.20% (n=6), marked themselves as “adequately” prepared. 

For the 2018-2019 survey of 2017-2018 program completers (Figure 5), 81% of the 48 responders indicated they were “prepared” to collaborate with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs. Of those, 26.00% (n=12) rated themselves as “very well” prepared, 31.30% (n=15) believed they were “well prepared,” and 25.00% (n=12) indicated they were “adequately” prepared.  

While findings are overall positive, it is worth noting that 25% of responders in 2018-2019 indicated they were only adequately prepared to engage in professional collaborations to support students’ learning. This may be an area the program needs to examine further to ensure that all completers believe they are prepared.

Next Steps: 
Overall, our program completers leave the program with a sense of having the ability to collaborate with colleagues to support professional learning; however, it is interesting to note that “on average” the Year One Teacher respondents on the EdQ survey rated themselves as “adequately prepared” (78%); whereas, the  employer respondents from the EDQ survey rated our program completers as “well prepared” (85.5%), and the CCTC program completer respondents rated themselves as “very well” prepared (94.6%). Why is this so?  Is it because Year One Teachers inherently rate their actual performance rather than their ability? Or, is it because Year One Teachers are in the throes of their first year teaching?  In either case, the program needs to further investigate this occurrence.  

In order to address what we found, the program will need to correlate the data and the activities conducted in our program courses that specifically addresses collaboration with specialists and parents in the education of students with special needs.  

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