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Standard 1 Aspect E

Standard 1. Evidence shows that by the time of the program completion, candidates exhibit knowledge, skills, and abilities of professional educators appropriate to their target credential or degree, including: Creation and Development of positive learning and working environments.  (Safe schools, immunizations, Special Education, Individualized Health Care plans).


Data Sources & Analysis:

A healthy environment includes an atmosphere where the surroundings are physically,  psychologically and emotionally healthy for all who inhabit the school.  This can include exercise, hygiene and student wellness as well as larger environmental issues such as Covid-19, air pollution/asthma, and disaster preparedness.  Activities that the school nurse might utilize include teaching CPR, First aid and other health related topics like bloodborne pathogens and collaborating with school site staff to institute suicide prevention and intervention, substance use disorder and campus violence programs to promote a safe environment.  

DATA sources to be introduced:

Data Source 1

Midterm and Final Semester Fieldwork Evaluation, Preceptor Checklist of Skills and Competencies-Professional Management Skills (Form P106/206)
The first measure is the Fall semester (Elementary) and Spring final semester (Secondary) fieldwork evaluation Preceptor Checklist of Skills and Competencies-Professional Management (P106/206) used by preceptors to evaluate candidates in their fieldwork knowledge at two points.

Perspective: Preceptor

Elements Using:

  • Item 1: E31-S31 Candidate “Demonstrates the ability to use his/her professional knowledge and skills to promote the overall health of the whole community.”  Example skills from the preceptor checklist: E20 through E23, S19, S29.
  • Item 2: E34-S32 Candidate “Demonstrates the ability to advocate appropriately with students and others in the school community to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles among adolescents and staff.” . This includes collaboration with school staff to mitigate bullying, gang involvement and participation in crisis intervention strategies. Example skills from the preceptor checklist: E8, E9, E10 and S6, S7.
  • Item 3: E32-S36 Candidate “Demonstrates understanding of legal guidelines regarding health records, HIPAA, FERPA, and other confidentiality matters written and verbal.”  Example skills from the preceptor checklist: E38.

Definition of Success:
Candidates are rated on a 5-point Likert scale from a 5 rated as “Excellent” to 1 representing “Poor”.  Our goal is all candidates will achieve an Excellent or Very Good rating.  

Professional Management Skills

Summary of Findings

From 2017 to 2020:

  • E31 and S31 scores on the Professional Management indicators demonstrated 99% of candidates achieved an Excellent or Very Good rating demonstrating candidates had the ability to assess the needs of students, staff and families in the provision of a positive learning and working environment.
    Three students received a Good rating and zero percent of students received a Fair or Poor rating.
  • E32-S36 scores on the Professional Management indicators demonstrated that 98% of candidates achieved an Excellent or Very Good rating demonstrating candidates had the knowledge and ability to understand legal guidelines needed for student safe environments. One student received a Good rating and zero percent of candidates received a Fair or Poor rating.
  • E34-S32 scores on the Professional Management indicators demonstrated that 98% of candidates achieved an Excellent or Very Good rating demonstrating that candidates had the knowledge and ability to act appropriately with students and others to promote healthy behaviors leading to a positive environment. One student received a Good rating.  Zero percent of the candidates received a Fair or Poor rating.
    • Mean scores in E31-S31 ranged from 4.82 to 4.90 with an average of 4.84.
    • Mean scores in E32-S36 ranged from 4.87 to 4.91 with an average of 4.86.
    • Mean scores in E34-S32 ranged from 4.80 to 4.91 with an average of 4.85.

Analysis and Interpretation
The Professional Management indicator items provide evidence that preceptors rate candidates with high marks overall in the ability to use professional knowledge and skill to promote the overall health of the school community, advocate appropriately with students and others to promote healthy behaviors and that candidates understand the laws and regulations under which the school nurse practice is governed to provide a safe and positive working environment.

Data Source 2

Professional Dispositions (P104/204)
The second measure is used by practicum preceptors to measure candidates' dispositions.  This is a 5-point Likert scale.  The Professional Dispositions form states, “Please circle on the scale the best number that best reflects the most accurate description of student application of dispositions.”

Rationale for Using: 
Professional Dispositions measures behavior needed for successful practice.  

Elements of Data Source Using:
Items chosen to be assessed for “safe environments” are:

  • Item #3:  “Candidate demonstrates the ability to make Ethical Judgements. 
     (The ability to make well reasoned ethical decisions/judgments based on knowledge and reflections that result in professional action.)
  • Item #5: “Candidate demonstrates a Collaborative Disposition (The school nurse must collaborate/communicate meaningfully/effectively with other professionals, school site personnel, members of the community and families in order to effectively meet the health care needs of children/professions.)”

Definition of Success: 
This measure is a 5-point Likert scale with Excellent to Poor ratings.  Our goal is 100% of the candidates will measure an Excellent or Very Good on Dispositions. 

Professional Dispositions

Summary of Findings

From 2017-2020:

The Professional Dispositions Standard 3 shows that 99% of candidates were rated as Excellent or Very Good  in demonstrating behaviors that make ethical judgements.  Four candidates received a Good rating and zero percent  of candidates received a Fair or Poor rating. 
Mean scores for Standard 3 ranged from 4.81 to 4.93 with an overall mean average of 4.86.

The Professional Dispositions Standard 5 shows that 97% of candidates were rated as Excellent or Very Good in demonstrating behaviors that demonstrate collaboration. Four candidates received a Good rating and zero percent of candidates received a Fair or Poor rating. 
Mean scores for Standard 5 ranged from 4.79 to 4.91 with an overall mean average of 4.84.

Analysis and Interpretation
The Professional Dispositions Standard 4 and 5 received high marks with 99% of candidates receiving Excellent or Very Good on the ability to make Ethical judgements.  In addition, 97% of candidates received Excellent or Very Good on Standard 5 showing the ability to collaborate with school personnel, members of the community and families to effectively meet the health care needs in a psychologically and physically safe environment.

Data Source 3

Grades from courses focusing on creation and development of positive learning and working environments.  Nursing 184 Key Assignments: (Individualized Healthcare Plans).

Safe School Environments are an essential component of school nurse services credential coursework as demonstrated by areas of study including health office environment, confidentiality in record keeping, counseling and health status, immunization compliance, emergency planning, staff training in health areas and individualized health care plans

Perspective: Program Faculty

Rationale for Using:
An Individualized Healthcare Plan (IHP) is “a plan of care written by the school nurse for students who are at risk for physical or mental health needs” (National Association of School Nurses, NASN).  The IHP provides legal documentation of a standard for safe care of students. This plan has input from the student, family and often the medical provider.  The IHP may be part of a Special Education Assessment or stand alone.  The IHP sets priorities, determines the necessary health care needs for a student to attend school, such as medication administration or specialized procedures and includes actions to be taken in an emergency.  

Candidates in the program write an IHP as part of the Cross Cultural Special Education Case Study, as part of Special Education assessments, 504 Plans and when researching chronic health conditions.  The goal is for candidates to achieve an 80% or “B” average in Nursing 184.   Examples of N184 Research Questions include:

  1. Jimmy, age 8, is brought into the nurse’s office by his mother who states that he has an extreme allergy to peanuts. As a school nurse, what steps will you take to keep Jimmy safe? Who will you notify? What safety measures will you put in place? Relate this to a nursing theory/model and standard(s) of school nursing practice. Attach an Emergency Action Plan. Comment on the impact food allergies have on school nursing practice. 
  2. Tommy is a 10-year-old wheelchair dependent paraplegic with a history of a spinal cord injury. He is transferring into a 5th grade class from out of district. He has a history of resource specialist services. There are orders for clean self-catheterization at school.  Discuss the school nurse role, the initial steps to assist with personal needs, need for other possible services, paperwork, and reports for an upcoming IEP meeting. Develop an IHP (Individual Healthcare Plan) related to catheterization needs. 

Candidate Mean GPA in CSUF School Nurse Services Credential Courses 2017-2020

Mean GPA 2017 2018 2019 Mean GPA Combined
N136
Health Appraisal
4.00
n=35
3.97
n=37
4.00
n=32
3.99
N137
Teach Strategies
3.86
n=35
3.89
n=45
3.89
n=35
3.88
N184
SN Seminar I Elementary
3.71
n=47
3.79
n=52
3.92
n=48
3.08
N186
SN Practicum-Elementary
3.83
n=47
3.84
n=51
3.94
n=49
3.87
N185
SN Seminar II Secondary
3.83
n=45
3.84
n=52
3.94
n=48
3.87
N187
Practicum II Secondary
3.93
n=44
3.88
n=51
3.94
n=50
3.91

Analysis and Interpretation
Candidate scores in all SNSC courses are high with combined means between 3.08 and 3.99 which suggest mastery in the ability to design and maintain safe positive learning environments.

Analysis of Standard 1e Findings
Program Instructors and preceptors have the opportunity to evaluate SNSC candidates in their ability to create and develop positive learning and working environments with examples as evidenced by professional management skills ratings, professional dispositions and candidate GPA. Candidates  understand legal guidelines regarding health records, HIPPA, FERPA, and other confidentiality matters written and verbal.  Other areas embedded in SNSC coursework include provision of a safe, effective, confidential health office for the provision of health and wellness. Individualized health care plans provide a safe environment for provision of medication and specialized procedure training and monitoring.  Overall, candidates achieved high ratings in all SNSC coursework demonstrating the ability to use professional knowledge and skills to promote the overall health of the whole community.

Aspect F →